Traditionally classified as periodontal work, the soft gum tissue used to hold the teeth can deteriorate over time. A common cause for gum recession alongside of health, nutrition, and genetics are microorganisms. Microorganisms (Bacteria) grows and adheres to the tooth surface causing an over aggressive immune response causing the gums to be inflamed, a natural reaction to distress. Gum disease treatment is a form of minor oral surgery.

At Montrose Dental the dentist can treat affected tissue through procedures to seek to reestablish periodontal health. Treatment plans provided upon assessment.

Gum disease

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a common and often silent condition characterized by inflammation of the gums and damage to the tissues that support the teeth. It is a progressive condition that, if left untreated, can lead to tooth loss and affect overall oral health. Gum disease is typically caused by the accumulation of plaque, a sticky film of bacteria, on the teeth and gums.

There are two main stages of gum disease:


   – Description: Gingivitis is the early and reversible stage of gum disease. It involves inflammation of the gums, causing redness, swelling, and bleeding during brushing or flossing.

   – Cause: Gingivitis is primarily caused by the accumulation of plaque on the teeth, leading to irritation and inflammation of the gum tissues.

   – Reversibility: Gingivitis can be reversed with good oral hygiene practices, including regular brushing, flossing, and professional dental cleanings.


– Description: Periodontitis is the more advanced and severe stage of gum disease. In periodontitis, the inflammation extends below the gumline, and the supporting structures of the teeth, including the bone, may be affected.

   – Symptoms: Symptoms of periodontitis may include persistent bad breath, receding gums, the formation of pockets between the teeth and gums, loose teeth, and changes in the bite.

   – Progression: Periodontitis requires professional intervention as it is not reversible. If left untreated, it can lead to tooth mobility, tooth loss, and damage to the supporting bone structure.

   – Risk Factors: Risk factors for periodontitis include poor oral hygiene, smoking, certain systemic diseases (such as diabetes), hormonal changes (such as during pregnancy or menopause), and genetic predisposition.

Prevention and management of gum disease involve the following:

  1. Good Oral Hygiene: Regular and effective brushing, flossing, and the use of antimicrobial mouthwashes are essential for preventing and managing gum disease.Professional Dental Cleanings: Regular dental check-ups and cleanings are crucial for removing plaque and tartar buildup that cannot be effectively addressed with at-home oral care.
  1. Healthy Lifestyle: Avoiding tobacco use, maintaining a balanced diet, and managing systemic health conditions contribute to overall oral health.
  1. Early Intervention: Prompt treatment of gingivitis is essential to prevent its progression to periodontitis. Dental professionals may recommend scaling and root planning (deep cleaning) and other interventions to manage periodontal disease.

It’s important to note that gum disease is a common condition, and its severity can vary among individuals. Regular dental check-ups are essential for early detection and intervention. If you notice signs of gum disease, such as bleeding gums, persistent bad breath, or changes in the appearance of your gums, it’s important to seek prompt dental care.

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